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Friday, January 08, 2016

Fix Windows 7 Boot

Fixing the Master Boot Record (MBR)

Step one: Boot from either your Windows 7 Installation DVD or Windows 7 System Recovery Disc.   Remember, you may need to change the boot order inside your BIOS to have the your DVD drive boot first.

Step two: After the installation or recovery disc loads, if prompted, select your language settings and then continue.   If you are using the installation DVD, when prompted by the following screen select Repair your computer.

Step three: The computer will take a moment now to scan itself for any Windows installations, after which you will likely be given a choice to select which installation you wish to repair.   Select the appropriate Windows installation from the list and then continue. If by chance a problem is detected in one of your Windows installations at this initial stage, the system may also ask you if it can try to repair the problem automatically. It is up to you if you wish to let the system try to repair itself, but otherwise just select No.  

Step four: Once you have reached the System Recovery Options screen, as shown below, you will be faced with a list of choices that can aid you in repairing a damaged Windows 7 operating system.   If you wish to try the Startup Repair option first, it is often successful in automatically fixing many different start up issues, but in this article we will be using the Command Prompt option to resolve our problems manually. So, click Command Prompt to continue.  

Step five: Now sitting at the command prompt, enter the following command and then press enter:

                bootrec.exe /FixMbr

If successful, you should be greeted with the message The operation completed successfully.   That's it!   Your Master Boot Record has been repaired.

While the above command does fix the MBR, and sometimes that is enough, there still might be an error with the system partition's boot sector and Boot Configuration Data (BCD). This might occur if you have tried to install another operating system alongside Windows 7, such as Windows XP.   To write a new boot sector, try the following command:

              bootrec.exe /FixBoot

If you are still faced with your Windows 7 installation not being detected during start up, or if you wish to include more than one operating system choice to your system's boot list, you can try the following command to rebuild your BCD:
              bootrec.exe /RebuildBcd

The above command will scan all your disks for other operating systems compatible with Windows 7 and allow you to add them to your system's boot list. If this fails, you may need to backup the old BCD folder* and create a new one in its place with the following commands:

              bcdedit /export C:\BCD_Backup
              cd boot
              attrib bcd -s -h -r
              ren c:\boot\bcd bcd.old
              bootrec /RebuildBcd

*Some users also find simply deleting the boot folder and retrying the above steps effective at resolving boot issues, but it is not recommended.

How to change active partitions

Upon purposely changing the active partition on my system drive, I was faced with a BOOTMGR is missing error during my system's start up that prevent Windows from starting. It is a common mistake to make when playing with partitions on a system drive and it can be a headache to solve if not prepared. To change your active partition back using the Windows 7 recovery disc or Installation DVD, follow the steps below.

Step one: Follow steps one to four in the above guide. This should take you to the Command Prompt in the Windows Recovery Environment.

Step two: Type DiskPart and then press Enter.

Step three: Type List Disk now and then press Enter. This command will list all disks attached to your computer and assign them a disk number.

Step four: Type Select Disk x, where x is the number for the disk containing the partition you wish to make active. Press Enter.

Step five: Type List Partition and then press Enter. You will now be shown a list of the partitions on the selected disk. Determine which partition you wish to make active.

Step six: Type Select Partition x, where x is the number of the partition you wish to make active.

Step seven: Now, just type Active and then press Enter. That should be it - the selected partition is now active.
How to create a Windows 7 System Recovery Disc

Windows 7 makes it easy to create a System Recovery Disc if you already have Windows 7 installed and running.  

Step one: Click Start > All Programs > Maintenance > Create a System Repair Disc

Step two: Insert a blank CD or DVD into your disc drive.

Step three: Click Create disc and let the program do its thing.
That's it! It only needs to write about 140- to 160-megabytes to the disc, depending on whether your OS is 64-bit or 32-bit, and that should only take a minute. If you do not have a CD/DVD-R drive to create a recovery disc with, you can alternatively download the ISO image of the Windows 7 System Recovery Disc and use it to make a bootable USB flash drive.

How to create a Windows 7 System Recovery USB flash drive

Step one: If you do not have a DVD drive, download the appropriate Windows 7 Recovery Disc image. Alternatively, if you have a DVD drive, you can use an existing Windows 7 Installation DVD or a Windows 7 Recovery Disc when at step seven.  

Using a Windows 7 Installation DVD at step seven will also allow you to install Windows 7 via USB, not just recover a damaged system; very useful if you have a netbook!

Step two: Open a command prompt with administrative rights. To do this, click Start > All Programs > Accessories and then right click Command Prompt, followed by clicking Run as administrator.

Step three: After accepting any UAC verification questions, you should now be at the command prompt. Make sure your USB flash drive is plugged in and then type DiskPart, followed by pressing Enter.

Step four: Type List Disk and then press Enter. Determine which disk number corresponds to your USB flash drive. In the following scenario, Disk 1 corresponds to our USB drive since we know our USB drive has a capacity of 2-gigabytes.

Step five: Enter the following commands in order, changing the disk number to the disk number listed for your USB drive.   Warning - the following commands will erase everything on your USB drive or the disk you select.
              Select Disk 1
              Create Partition Primary
              Select Partition 1
              Format FS=NTFS
Step six: After DiskPart successfully formats the USB drive, which might take a few minutes, you will want to enter the following commands:

Step seven: You will now need to copy the contents of the ISO image you downloaded, or the contents of a DVD you wish use, to the USB flash drive.   There should be two folders and a file in the ISO image that need to be copied. To extract the files contained within an ISO image, you will need to use a program such as 7-zip.

Step eight: Now that the files are copied, we will want to make the USB drive bootable. To accomplish this however we will need to download a small file called bootsect.exe; it can be found in the boot directory of the Windows 7 Installation DVD.  Once downloaded, place the bootsect.exe file in the root directory of your USB flash drive.

Step nine: Back at the command prompt, we will want to change the current directory to that of the USB drive and run the bootsect command. In our case this is drive E, so we will be using the following respective commands:

                 bootsect /nt60 e:

The bootsect command will update the target volume with a compatible bootcode. If all goes well, you should now have a bootable USB recovery drive; just remember to add the USB drive to the boot list in your system's BIOS for it to work upon start up.

Wednesday, January 06, 2016

Exchange2010 on Windows2012 - my way

Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-ADDS, AS-HTTP-Activation, Desktop-Experience, NET-HTTP-Activation, NET-Framework-45-Features, RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, Web-Mgmt-Console, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation



merge this into registry:

--- CUT HERE ---
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00


@="Add Microsoft-Windows-ApplicationResourceManagementSystem/Diagnostic"

@="Add Microsoft-Windows-ApplicationResourceManagementSystem/Operational"

--- CUT HERE ---

cdrom:\setup.exe /preparead

when runing setup DO NOT check "Automatically install Windows Server roles and features required for Exchange Server"

DO NOT START Exchange Management Console yet!

Install Exch2010 SP3


You may find that on Server2012 you can launch the Exchange Management Console, but are unable to expand any of the objects in the left hand pane.
Exchange 2010 Exchange Management Console was built with CLR (Common Language Runtime) version 2.0. Windows 2012/8 by default runs its MMC snap ins with CLR version 4.0.
to fix it, start cmd and type:

set COMPLUS_Version=v2.0.50727
"C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Bin\Exchange Management Console.msc"

Now you can do the usual stuff.

BTW: Don't be an idiot (like me), don\t install Eset RA Server before installing Exchange, that will put the Exchage RA web console on ports :80 and :443 and IIS will never start. 
netstat -a -b -n -p tcp is your friend in this case, run it and you will see who occupies your ports.

Monday, January 04, 2016

Reset the username and password on a Symbol WS-2000

Connect the WS-2000 to the PC using a standard 9F to 9F null modem cable 
(the old 3Com serial)
Baud Rate - 19,200
Data Bits - 8
Parity - None
Stop Bits - 1
Flow Control - None
Emulation needs to be set to "Autodetect" or "ANSI"

Power cycle the WS-2000.
While the WS-2000 is booting up, press and hold the ESC key (you'll see 
a boot> prompt).
This should bring you to the boot command line.
Type "passwd default".
Type "reboot".
After the system boots back up, the username and password should be set 
back to the default

Saturday, January 02, 2016

"FullyQualifiedErrorId : -2144108477,PSSessionOpenFailed"

The PowerShell window displayed this error.
VERBOSE: Connecting to
New-PSSession : [] Processing data from remote server failed
with the following error message: The WinRM Shell client cannot process the request. The shell handle passed to the WSMan Shell function is not valid. The shell handle is valid only when WSManCreateShell function completes successfully. Change the request including a valid shell handle and try again. For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.
At line:1 char:1
+ New-PSSession -ConnectionURI “$connectionUri” -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Excha …
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo : OpenError: (System.Manageme….RemoteRunspace:RemoteRunspace) [New-PSSession], PSRemotingTransportException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : -2144108212,PSSessionOpenFailed
The cause of this error in my specific case was that the SSL certificate was no longer bound to the Exchange Back End website on that Exchange 2013 server.
To fix this, in IIS Manager right-click the Exchange Back End website and click Bindings.

Highlight https and click Edit.
If you see “Not selected” like I did, click on Select.
Choose the certificate you want to bind to the site.
Apply the changes and retry the Exchange management shell. If it connects successfully to the server then you have most likely resolved this issue.

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